2010 Economic Calendar
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Employment Situation  
Released On 7/2/2010 8:30:00 AM For Jun, 2010
PriorPrior RevisedConsensusConsensus RangeActual
Nonfarm Payrolls - M/M change431,000 433,000 -125,000 -200,000  to 0 -125,000 
Unemployment Rate - Level9.7 %9.8 %9.6 % to 9.9 %9.5 %
Private Payrolls - M/M change41,000 33,000 105,000 50,000  to 200,000 83,000 
Average Hourly Earnings - M/M change0.3 %0.2 %0.1 %0.1 % to 0.2 %-0.1 %
Av Workweek - All Employees34.2 hrs34.2 hrs34.2 hrs to 34.3 hrs34.1 hrs
Nonfarm Payroll - level130.570 millions

The jobs picture in June was quite mixed as temporary Census workers were laid off and private hiring was positive but moderate. Also, the unemployment rate continued to dip even as the workweek slipped. Overall payroll jobs in June fell back 125,000 after spiking a revised 433,000 in May and after a 313,000 jump in April. The June decrease matched the market forecast for a 125,000 decline.

Looking beyond the temporary effects of Census hiring and firing, private nonfarm employment increased 83,000, following a 33,000 rise in May. The latest figure fell short of analysts' projection for a 105,000 advance in private payrolls.

The private sector gain was led by a 91,000 boost in private service-providing jobs. This included professional & business services, up 46,000, and leisure & hospitality, up 37,000. The goods-producing sector lost a net 8,000 payrolls with construction down 22,000. Manufacturing posted a 9,000 gain while mining & logging advanced 5,000. Manufacturing has risen three months in a row.

The big weakness, of course, was a 208,000 drop in government jobs after a 400,000 jump in May. The decline included the loss of 225,000 temporary employees working on Census 2010. Employment in both state and local governments was little changed over the month.

On a year-ago basis, overall payroll jobs improved to down 0.1 percent in June from down 0.4 percent the prior month.

There other signs of a slowing in the labor market. Growth in average hourly earnings eased to a 0.1 percent decline, following a 0.2 percent boost in May. The average workweek for all workers edged down to 34.1 hours compared to 34.2 hours in May. The market forecast was for 34.2 hours.

The good news at face value in the June report was that the unemployment rate to 9.5 percent in June from 9.7 percent in May. However, the decrease was due to a sharp drop in the labor force.

Overall, the June jobs reports points to a softening in the labor market. Private employment continues to grow, but at a more moderate pace. On the news, markets were uncertain of how to react as equity futures moved back and forth.

Consensus Outlook
The consensus numbers shown reflect a June 28 update. Last report, nonfarm payroll employment in May surged 431,000, following a 290,000 boost in April, and a 208,000 gain in March. The May boost was the largest since a 472,000 spike in March 2000. But according to the BLS, Census hiring added 411,000 temporary jobs to the payroll gain. Private nonfarm employment increased only 41,000, following a 218,000 boost in April. Average hourly earnings picked up with a 0.3 percent rise in May, following a 0.1 percent advance the month before. The average workweek for all workers edged up to 34.2 hours from 34.1 hours in April. The unemployment rate slipped to 9.7 percent from 9.9 percent in April. Some are already seeing Census layoffs turning the June payroll number negative. Once again, market focus will be on private payrolls to discount the Census effect. A disappointing ADP report on private payrolls released this Wednesday has analysts bumping their forecasts down.

The most closely watched of all economic indicators, the employment situation is a set of monthly labor market indicators based on two separate reports: the establishment survey which tracks 650,000 worksites and offers the nonfarm payroll and average hourly earnings headlines and the household survey which interviews 60,000 households and generates the unemployment rate.

Nonfarm payrolls track the number of part-time and full-time employees in both business and government. Average hourly earnings track employee pay while the average workweek, also part of the establishment survey, tracks the number of hours worked. The report's private payroll measure excludes government workers.

The unemployment rate measures the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labor force. In order to be counted as unemployed, one must be actively looking for work. Other commonly known data from the household survey include the labor supply and discouraged workers.  Why Investors Care
During the mature phase of an economic expansion, monthly payrolls gains of 150,000 or so are considered relatively healthy. In the early stages of recovery though, gains are expected to surpass 250,000 per month.
Data Source: Haver Analytics
The civilian unemployment rate is a lagging indicator of economic activity. During a recession, many people leave the labor force entirely, so the jobless rate may not increase as much as expected. This means that the jobless rate may continue to increase in the early stages of recovery because more people are returning to the labor force as they believe they will be able to find work. The civilian unemployment rate tends towards greater stability than payroll employment on a monthly basis. It reveals the degree to which labor resources are utilized in the economy.
Data Source: Haver Analytics

2010 Release Schedule
Released On: 1/82/53/54/25/76/47/28/69/310/811/512/3
Release For: DecJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNov

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